You may have just moved into a new apartment and bought furniture for a lot of money or invested in a new computer. You looted the household budget for these new purchases, but now important equipment breaks down: for example, the washing machine runs out or the car no longer starts! So what to do when there is no money left to bridge the gap? As a rule, only a loan can help here.
Even if you would prefer to take out a loan as soon as possible – it is important to first think about a few things: How much money can you repay each month? How much should the loan be and how quickly do you want to repay the loan? At best, only contact a bank if you have answers to these considerations. This enables you to search more specifically for a suitable loan and to check more precisely which framework conditions the loan contract should contain.
Be honest: First, assess yourself realistically
Before you go to the bank, you should draw up a financial plan in which you compare your household income and your monthly fixed and variable expenses. This list enables you to determine which total financial burden you can handle. How much money is actually left at the end of the month and can therefore be used to repay a loan?
The basic principle is: be realistic! As a rule, a loan is cheaper the faster it can be repaid, since a shorter term often means a lower interest charge. Nevertheless, it is of no use to either party if borrowers overestimate themselves and ultimately cannot pay the excessively high rates. If renegotiations or even a second loan are necessary, this essentially means additional costs for the borrower.
So do not calculate too tightly, so that a small change in your household income (e.g. temporary short-time work in the company) or other spontaneous cost factors do not lead to payment difficulties. With these considerations, it is also important to include cost items that are due only a few times or even only once a year, such as refilling the oil tank or car tax.
Advance information: You should know this about the loan agreement
If you contact a bank with a loan request, you should receive all the essential information about the loan contract in a standardized form in good time before concluding the contract. The provisions and rights listed there apply across Europe and make it easier for you to compare several loan offers with one another, since you can use this form as an information basis. In any case, the following points should be listed there:
- Exact name of the loan
- Full amount of the loan
- Borrowing rate
- running time
- Repayment options
- Effective interest rate
- Total costs for the borrower: accruing loan interest and interest payments
- Possibly. accruing expenses for services, for example for the written information about current remaining debt
Regardless of whether you ultimately conclude a loan contract with the bank in question or not, the information sheet must still be provided free of charge. In addition to this, you can also have a preliminary draft contract sent to you free of charge.
Take special and repayment rights into account
As soon as a loan agreement has been signed, it is valid. As this usually means a long-term responsibility, you should read the contract terms carefully before signing and check all the information contained there for their accuracy. At best, you should also keep an eye on personal factors: In the future you may receive payment for life insurance, a building loan contract or another asset: Be sure to take such contingencies into account before the actual loan agreement. In this case, you should definitely have the right to special repayments guaranteed in writing in the loan contract, so that you could reduce the term and thus also accrued interest payments.
Also pay attention to the obligations of the lender: This includes, for example, a detailed explanation regarding the contractual provisions. As a loan applicant, the bank must explain to you the main features that are set out in the loan agreement and also have possible effects : What are the consequences of a possible delay in payment? Is it possible to suspend a few installments in the event of financial bottlenecks? What are the fees? Furthermore, the bank is obliged to regularly send you a repayment plan that informs you of your current payment status.
Thanks to legal changes, fees are eliminated!
The Consumer Credit Act (VkrG) came into force in Austria on June 11, 2010, which applies to all credit agreements with amounts in excess of USD 200. As a result, the credit contract fee was abolished in 2011. To date, this was a statutory fee of 0.8% and 1.5% of the loan amount, respectively, and made loans more expensive accordingly. Since this abolition, processing fees for consumer loans have also been prohibited.
Concluding a loan contract is therefore free of charge, but the loan itself always entails costs in the form of interest. These costs depend on the individual loan agreement and sometimes also on the type of loan: As a rule, banks base their loan interest on the current market economy. For example, at certain times a mortgage loan can be cheaper than one without a purpose. Since interest rates fluctuate constantly, you should get an overview of the market and compare the existing offers before taking out a loan.
You have decided: This is how the contract is concluded:
The decision was made after carefully reviewing many loan offers and you selected a specific loan agreement. If the bank received the contract with your signature, it is valid. The lender will then send you a copy of the contract, including the general terms and conditions, incidental expenses and credit indicators.
Now it is time to wait: it is possible that the loan will reach your account after a few days. However, it can also take up to a few weeks until the bank concerned has completed the bureaucratic effort and can pay you the money. After receiving the loan, the contractually agreed installments are also due.
If something goes wrong: you can withdraw from the loan agreement
If money is urgently needed, it can be an ordeal to check the loan offers carefully and take the time to calculate realistically. If you have been tempted to prematurely conclude an unsuitable loan contract, you can still withdraw from the contract within 14 days. This period begins on the day the contract is signed. No reasons need to be given for the revocation of the credit agreement. The only drawback: Previously accrued interest and payments already made by the lender may be charged to the customer.
Would you like to cancel your loan contract? Are you sure?
If the 14-day period has expired and you are still unsatisfied with the terms of the contract, you can cancel the loan before the term expires. As a result, however, you have to reimburse the loan amount received within 30 days, including the loan interest accrued to date. If you have already invested the loan you have already received and have no other assets, you will not be able to terminate it accordingly.
However, if you have enough money to pay off the lender, you should definitely quit in writing. At best, send a letter of termination to the lender by registered mail and keep a copy for yourself. Depending on the contractual agreement, a prepayment fee for the lost interest payments may be due. So calculate in advance whether a termination is worthwhile for you or whether you will even end up paying.
Regardless of whether it is a large or small loan amount: take the time to study the loan contract carefully and compare the proposed terms with the help of the standard information sheet or draft loan contract. Pay particular attention to the total loan amount and the APR. If you notice any discrepancies, speak to the bank concerned.
It may be a mistake or you have misunderstood something. No matter what makes you wonder, do not conclude a contract without understanding it in detail. Only then can it be guaranteed that a loan agreement takes your interests into account.